Oil paint, copper, brass and stainless steel

161 x 48 x 62  inches,  410 x 122 x 157 cm


Made from copper tubes, Panta Rhei is a three-dimensional timeline of world history from 2000 BC to 2000 AD. Horizontal lines represent the time a country has existed, while vertical or curved pipe crossing between two or more indicates a war, invasion or independence. The entire structure functions as a fountain. As seen in the video, when activated, water circulates through Panta Rhei’s five engraved tubes representing the earliest ancient civilizations, runs through history, and comes out the other end through the numerous holes representing the 195 modern nations of the year 2000. In this sculptural form, the history of human civilization is represented as a physical body, an architecture of interwoven time and space.  

Panta Rhei

( 4000 years of human history )